Write a summary for each reading. A summary highlights (emphasizes) the main points of a text.
Structure your summary as follows:
- Name the author (or authors) and title of the text.
- Identify 2-3 of the major points or ideas of the reading. Be concise. Accurately represent the authorâ€™s writings. Use direct quotations from the text.
- Conclusion: What findings (evidence, conclusions) does the author give?
Example of opening sentence:
In â€œ__________â€ (title of article) by __________ (authorâ€™s first and last name), the author documentsâ€¦
â€¢ Donâ€™t copy sentences verbatim from the text. Summarize the reading in your own words.
â€¢ Use present tense, for example:
The article documents, describes, examines, etc.
The author observes, writes, concludes by saying, etc.
â€¢ Type the following at the top left or right corner of the front-page:
Your first & last name
Environmental Problems & Solutions
Reading title & author(s)
Grab the readerâ€™s attention by:
Citing an interesting fact or statistic from the reading.
Opening with a quote from the reading.
Posing a question your summary will answer.
Using examples from the reading.
â€¢ 2.5 pages typed.
â€¢ 12-sized font (any style).
â€¢ Print single-sided.
â€¢ Staple pages together. Missing pages is not the instructorâ€™s responsibility.