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The theory of planned behavior (TPB) focuses on perceived control over a certain behavior for situations where an individual might not have complete control over their behavior. TPB focuses on attitudes that are determined by the individualsâ€™ beliefs about the outcome of behavior and subjective norms which is determined by the person’s normative belief and the motivation that comes with the belief (Glanz et al., 2015).
An example of the TPB being applied in public health is demonstrated by altering the walking behavior among adults to increase walking in the general public. This example was provided by the literature, the Systematic Development of a Brief Intervention to Increase Walking in the General Public Using an “Extended” Theory of Planned Behavior. The literature used various strategies to alter the behaviors to increase walking and they were, overcoming barrier identification/ problem solving, setting goals, providing action plan, teaching the individuals how to use prompts and cues, providing prompts that focused on past success, environmental restructuring, and relapse prevention/coping planning. The results showed that there was an increase in self-effectiveness and the intention for the individuals to walk more due to motivational strategies promoted in the experiment (French et al., 2013).
This model was appropriate for the example because TPB focuses on the control and use of motivation as a factor in altering the behavior. The experiment focused on changing the attitude and the individualâ€™s subjective norms by providing motivational interviews and other motivational entities when they overcame barriers in order to increase their walking behavior (French et al., 2013).
There are other models that could be used for this example, such as the transtheoretical model (TTM) and the social cognitive theory, because they are effective in promoting physical activity. The TTM helps in changing and maintaining behavior change through the stages of changes which are pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination (Pirzadeh et al., 2015).
French, P. D., Darker, D. C., Eves, F.F., & Sniehotta, F.F. (2013). The Systematic Development of a Brief Intervention to Increase Walking in the General Public Using an “Extended” Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 10(7), 940-949. Retrieved from https://eds-b-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/eds/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=56f10ee2-9401-4b34-a6d5-0be5717af216%40pdc-v-sessmgr05&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#AN=90343179&db=s3h
Glanz, K., Rimer, B. K., & Viswanath, K. (2015). Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Pirzade, A., Mostafavi, F., Ghofranipou, F., & Feizi, A. (2015). Applying Transtheoretical Model to Promote Physical Activities Among Women. Psychiatry Behavioral Science, 9(4), 1-6. Doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-1580
Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.)
- Ask a probing question.
- Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
- Offer and support an opinion.
- Validate an idea with your own experience.
- Make a suggestion.
- Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.