What characteristics of early Hinduism set it apart from the monotheistic and polytheistic religious beliefs of ancient Mesopotamia?

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What characteristics of early Hinduism set it apart from the monotheistic and polytheistic religious beliefs of ancient Mesopotamia? How might this view point affect one’s perception of nature? Of self? How does this approach to life differ from monotheism? Would you agree with this statement from the Bhagavad-Gita – “Thinking about sense-objects will attach you to sense-objects.” How might such an anti-materialistic position affect one’s life? The culture at large?