Answer the questions individually and not in paper format. Questions 1 through 4 require the most wording. Please be detailed and thorough with answers as it is required.
In 2001, Congress overturned the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)’s extensive ergonomics rules that required virtually all employers to create programs to protect employees against repetitive stress disorders. In your opinion, was this the right or wrong thing to do? Explain your answer/reasoning.
The Widget Factory has been experiencing an increase in back and shoulder injuries due to manual lifting of boxes in the warehouse. You have observed that the workers may not understand the importance of body mechanics when lifting a load. Prepare a paragraph that explains how to lift a load properly, including a discussion of the forces on various parts of the body when lifting is done incorrectly. As an additional illustration, calculate and compare the load moment for lifting a 12-pound electrical motor held close to the body with the load moment for lifting the same motor held 20 inches from the body. Show all calculations.
Based on your recent analysis of injuries related to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) at the Widget Factory, your boss wants to try to reduce the amount of manual material handling, especially in the warehouse. Using the hierarchy of controls, propose at least five control measures that would help reduce the amount of manual lifting and/or reduce the likelihood of injuries caused by manual lifting. Explain clearly and in detail how each of these proposed controls would reduce the risk of injury, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and what new hazards, if any, might be created if the control is implemented.
Your analysis of injuries at the Widget Factory has revealed that 98 employees were required to take time off last year due to issues related to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), mostly back and shoulder injuries. Discuss a variety of strategies in detail that can be used to identify operations or processes with the potential to create or aggravate MSDs. Keep in mind that employees do not always recognize MSD symptoms as work-related, and may also be reluctant to report symptoms. There is no need to propose solutionsâ€”we are just trying to identify the sources of the problems.