the influence of peers social loafing

2 Discussion Questions 350 words each…… APA format

The Influence of Peers

“If Johnny jumps off a cliff are you going to jump, too”? This is a cliché used often by parents wanting to convince their children that doing what “everyone else does” is not always a good idea.

For example, binge drinking is an increasing problem on college campuses, often with dire consequences (e.g., alcohol poisoning, unprotected sex, expulsion from school). Given the consequences, one wonders what compels college students to engage in such risky behavior. We know that fitting in—being accepted by others—is a primary motive for doing what others do. In this case, conforming to one’s referent group’s norms (i.e., getting drunk is cool) gains one’s acceptance to that group (Talbott, Wilkinson, Moore, & Usdan, 2014; Wardell & Read, 2013). Refusal to comply means rejection by the group.

Binge drinking, clearly, is not in the best interest of individual college students, unless you consider the importance of belonging to and acceptance by the group.

For this Discussion, you explore persuasion strategies with respect to the effects of peer influence on behavior.

Review the Learning Resources for this week and examine how social psychology theory and research explain the effects of peer influence on behavior.

Consider persuasion strategies that a social psychologist might use to convince someone to defy peer pressure.

Post an explanation for how you might persuade someone to “do what is in her or his best interest” when it means defying group demands. Use social psychology theory and research to support your persuasion strategy.

Social Loafing

Brian, a class colleague, is someone who counts on the group’s high achievers to do the majority of the work. This behavior is known as social loafing. Social loafers thrive because they know the high achievers cannot do less than their best; that is precisely what makes them high achievers. Adding to the problem, if it is the group product that is evaluated rather than individual contributions—then Brian will be less motivated to participate. That is why social loafing is rampant in university classrooms where grades are based on the finished group product.

For this Discussion, you examine methods to motivate social loafers.

Review the Learning Resources for this week and consider motivation methods that a social psychologist might use to encourage a social loafer to do his or her share.

Recall a time when you observed social loafing.

Post a situation when you experienced or observed social loafing. Informed by social psychology theory, suggest ways to motivate social loafers to carry their weight

Possible References:

Underwood, M. K., & Ehrenreich, S. E. (2014). Bullying May Be Fueled by the Desperate Need to Belong. Theory Into Practice, 53(4), 265–270.

Sonnentag, T., & Barnett, M. (2013). An Exploration of Moral Rebelliousness with Adolescents and Young Adults. Ethics & Behavior, 23(3), 214–236.