Operations research

Operations research

To prepare for this Application Assignment:
•Focus on the following as you review Chapter 6 “Cancer” in the course text and log on to MasteringBiology to view the BioFlix Animations “Mitosis” and “Meiosis”: ?How mitosis and meiosis compare and contrast
?What a mutation is
?What cancer is and what causes it
?The causes and effects of various mutations
The Assignment:

Download the Biopsy Lab Report.

Complete the Cellular Reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Mutation Virtual Lab and the Biopsy Lab Report. The virtual biopsy lab samples are located at the end of the Acquired Mutations section of the Virtual Lab.Biopsy Lab Report
Updated 5/15/14
Name: ________________________
Date: _________________________

Please use this report form and simply “fill” in your observational data and conclusions.

Purpose: To apply an understanding of cellular division to distinguish between cancerous and noncancerous tissue samples.

Expected Observations (5 points)
Create an explanation of what you expect to observe in the tissue samples based on what you know about the nature of cancer.

Materials and Methods
The materials for this lab are embedded within the Cellular Reproduction Lab located in the week 3 resources section. You must view the acquired mutation section of the lab to reach the virtual microscope and tissue samples. There are four simulation tissue samples; each of which is “stained” so that you can observe the stages of mitosis in the sample cells. Select each sample with your mouse and “drag” it to the virtual microscope in order to observe the cells in each sample.

Results (20 points)
Use the chart below to record your observations of the tissue samples. For each virtual tissue sample, count the number of cells in each stage of mitosis and record your observations below.

Tissue Sample Interphase Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase

Sample #1: Normal Tissue

Sample #2: Normal Tissue

Sample #3: Cancer Tissue

Sample #4: Cancer Tissue

Analysis (20 points)
Write an analysis of two or more paragraphs that includes the following:
• Describe and explain your results in terms of the known properties of cancer.
• A statement that explains whether you obtained the results you expected, as well as why you did or did not obtain the expected results.
• Explain how your findings suggest a general approach used to combat cancer.
o You may need to conduct some independent research for this response.
• A summary of your observations and the overall knowledge you gained from this lab.

Conclusion (5 points)
Write a conclusion of two or more paragraphs that includes the following:
• A brief recap of the main points in your analysis.
• Propose a research question related to the concepts that came up in this lab that you would like to answer in the future.

Introduction to Biology (dates–01/11/2016-0221/2016) Inst. Gabriel Clay
Student–Tori Eichelberger
MasteringBiology: Use the access code included with your textbook to log on to MasteringBiology at http://www.masteringbiology.com/ to view the following Pearson resources. Links to these resources are located on the Student Home page for Chapter 6. BioFlix Animations?Mitosis (approximate length: 3 ½ minutes)

This animation explains the process of mitosis.
?Meiosis (approximate length: 3 ½ minutes)

This animation explains the process of meiosis.
Web Animation?Cell Cycle

This animation provides an overview of the cell cycle.
You may use the following websites to begin your search for additional resources for the Discussion for this week.
•American Cancer Society. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/
•Cells Alive. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cellsalive.com/
•National Geographic. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.nationalgeographic.com/
•National Institutes of Health: Genetic Disorders. (2011). Retrieved from http://health.nih.gov/search_results.aspx?terms=Genetic+Disorders
•Science. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.sciencemag.org/
•Science Daily. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com
•Scientific American. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com
Book: Biology: Science For Life

Posted in Uncategorized