Marco Gambetta has been working for years in an established company that is dedicated to minor construction projects in personal or commercial residences. In the summer months the company does landscaping design and installation as well as minor construction projects such as installing interlocking, setting cement curbs and repairing driveways. In the winter months the company offers snow removal services. Marco is affected to summer operations; therefore he works shifts of 10 hours during 5 months while in the winter months he performs other minor jobs for other construction companies.After years of experience in the broad construction/landscape industry, Marco is convinced that if he opens his own company he will be able to make enough money to live the whole year avoiding the need to look for odd jobs in the winter months. With that idea in mind he sat down with his sister, Lara a recent graduate from a business program, crunched some numbers and decided to launch their own company: Small Construction from their parents house in Ajax.Description of the businessMarco has the experience not only with doing minor construction projects and landscaping, but also and most importantly he knows how to manage the operation. He realized there might be a good market for his company in the Durham Region since many of the clients not taken by his former large company are from that area. Basically, large, established companies are not interested in taking projects with total bills under $10,000. This will be Marcos niche market.In the winter of 2016, Marco decided to begin calling potential customers. Before starting the calls, he contacted Amy, the secretary at the large construction/landscaping company and asked if he could be provided the contact information of those clients that were not attended by the company. Amy asked the owners and it was decided that not only they would give the contact information of minor projects that were discarded in past years, but also will refer to Marco all new customers of small projects for a 15% fee calculated on the basis of the materials used for the project.Marco started to plan the control mechanisms he would use to track materials used and hours invested, also very important for him was to install the philosophy that a site is not left until the project is totally completed.Tools and Machines:Marco spent the rest of the winter identifying the equipment needed for the company and decided to rent the use of the equipment for the time it is used.Marco has a van adapted to transport heavy material valued at $7,000. Marco also has some tools and small machines valued at $5,000. The only important piece of equipment that he does not have is a machine to cut rocks/cement, but a large store has it available for rent at a fee of $250 per day.Share CapitalFor various tax and liability reasons, Marco and Lara decided the business should be incorporated. On May 1st, Marco opened a bank account for Small Construction Co. and deposited the $12,000 of Laras capital contribution. Marco contributed the van and tools and equipment. Marco and Lara each received 6,000 shares of Small Construction Co. capital stock 100% of the shares issued by Small Construction Co.As could only happen in a fictional term project, Small Construction Co. managed to become incorporated, obtain a business number, begin operations, obtain a floating short term loan from their parents, advertise its services, negotiate insurance and receive payment from its first customers, all on May 1stEquipmentMarco expects the company will be able to use the van for five years before they need to replace it. After the 5 years the van could be discarded as scrap.All the other tools and equipment normally lasts for 10 years and will have a resalable value of $500. Marco hoped that damage would be minimal; also he expected repair costs would be minimized as he planned to do most repairs himself.AdvertisingMarco decided on a targeted advertising campaign: Lara will call all the people with small projects that were declined by the large landscaping company. In one afternoon she got six people asking her for a quote, she scheduled Marcos visits for the next day. At the site visits he did the measuring and listened carefully to the customers requests. Then he went back to his van and with Lara draw a draft blueprint of their work, estimated materials and hours needed and in less than 20 minutes they were back discussing the final price with the customer. Out of the six visits, four accepted the price and agreed to start as soon as possible.PricingPricing is a tricky aspect of the business because if the quote is too high, the customer would not accept it, but if it is too low, the costs might not be covered and the company will go bankrupt. Marco and Lara agreed that as a rule of thumb for the first projects, they will estimate materials needed, and on top of that they would add a markup of 100% to cover all other costs and their profit. However, for projects that are referred by the large company, they would charge a markup of 115% so they can pass on the fee of 15% over materials that the other company will charge.Inventory management is a critical aspect of the business. Marco has a good business relation with the owners of Sams Materials who can supply all the construction materials they would need for their projects. Marco has worked out an agreement with Sams Materials that will allow him and Lara to pick up whatever they need whenever they need it and pay for all material twice per month: on the 15th and at the end of the month. To secure these conditions, Small Construction makes a payment of $5,000 on May 1st that will be computed against the last bill of materials to be paid (only to happen when Small Construction discontinues operations). This agreement allows Small Construction to have no inventory of material, because everything picked up from Sams Materials is immediately installed in the customers premises.EmployeesMarco and Lara estimate that they can do most of the work, however they will need to hire two non qualified employees who will prepare the site the day before Marco start working (they would perform tasks such as removing grass, old interlocking, rocks, etc). Marco and Lara have a younger cousin that drop out from high school and is doing odd jobs, so they call him and he accepted. Rob, the younger cousin, agreed with Marcos reasoning that paying them by hour worked, rather than a monthly salary, would encourage them to minimize the time invested in each project so they can move fast between projects and maximize income which in turn will also increase customer satisfaction. Workplace regulations required vacation pay be accrued at 4% of the wages. Marco assured Rob and the other employee, Sal, they would receive their accrued vacation pay when they took a vacation, quit or the season ends.Insurance:Marco negotiated an all perils, one year insurance policy, effective beginning May 1st, 2016, with RiskIt Insurance. The policy is for the a whole year and covers any liability or damage that might emerge from working in customers premises.Phone system and mailing addressMarco had a phone line with voicemail installed at home. Marco used this phone number and his home address for all Small Construction business.Cell phones were also purchased, one for Marco and one for Lara, and customers were given both numbers when they agreed on a project and its price. In order to get a discount price on the phones, Small Construction signed a two year contract. Phone equipments are estimated to last for two years and to have no resale value at the end of their useful life.Marco authorized the bank to make an automatic withdrawal from the companys bank account to pay the phone company when amounts were due.Need for an information systemLara with a business degree was sure that financial statement preparation was required for tax purposes and useful to see how well their business was operating. She knew she needed a system of recordkeeping and operating procedures that would assist her in ensuring:all projects were paid for;all projects payments were deposited in the bank;commitments for projects paid, for but not yet performed, were known;employees were only paid for hours worked;payroll source deductions and vacation pay were accurately computed;equipment was safeguarded and well maintained;former customers were called to see if they were satisfied with the work done and if they are interested in doing a new project;payroll, interest and supplier payments were made on time.The more Lara thought about it, the more she realized that without well thought out systems she would not be able to make enough money for the rest of the year. Also they needed to report Small Constructions financial position, results of operations and cash flow to their parents just in case they need to ask for some money.Lara realized she would eventually need a computer system tailored to her operations, but she decided that it was best to begin with a non-computerized system. Once the company had been operating longer it would be easier to define the system needs of the business.Appointment book and project cardThe project bookings were tentative until a cheque for $1,000 was received by Small Construction. Lara wrote the tentative bookings in her note pad to keep track of whose project was first. Once payment was received, Lara began a project card showing the payment and listing the dates and times of work performed. Marco would take the project card to the site where the work was done so it can be completed by the end of the day.Lara and Marco reviewed the project cards daily. When the prepaid amounts account balances were zero, Marco took the project cards home, filed them alphabetically and waited two weeks before Lara called the customers to ask how they had enjoyed the experience with their company and the project in itself.There were two items not recorded in the appointment book because Lara and Marco were unsure about them:On June 30th Marco received a $1,000 cheque from the next door neighbor of one of their customers who asked for some minor repairs that can be performed by mid July.Right before midnight on June 30th a loud noise woke them up. A house in the neighbourhood had exploded and the structure of the surrounding houses havebeen severely damaged. A gas leak was the cause. Reading the newspaper on July 2nd Marco realizes that one of the projects scheduled to start on July 5th is on 210 Triana Rd. and that is one of the houses that has been severely damaged by the explosion. Lara contacted the customer and asked about the project, the family said that they will not do it and asked Lara to return the $3,000 deposit.Daily control sheetEach day, Marco or Lara completed a daily control sheet. The daily control sheet was designed to capture information about hours worked, equipment usage and damage, payments received and any other relevant piece of data.Bank depositsWeekly, Lara prepared a separate bank deposit for the customer payments collected, the weekly total of the amounts listed on the daily control sheets. She prepared another deposit for the cash and cheques received by mail. The book of deposit forms supplied by the bank provided for duplicate copies and Lara kept the copy as part of the business records.PayrollLara added up the hours worked by the two employees from the daily control sheets. Combining that data with the Social Insurance Numbers, hourly rate, and hours worked by each employee she prepared the Payroll Summary for the month [the Payroll Summary for May and June are included with the project documents] that included the payroll source deductions (Income tax, CPP Canada Pension Plan contributions and EI Employment Insurance Premiums), the required employer CPP and EI contributions and accrued vacation pay.Using the Payroll Summary, Lara wrote cheques on June 3rd and July 3rd to pay the employees and on June 15th and July 15th to remit the source deductions and employer CPP and EI contributions to the Receiver General.Other PaymentsLara kept all the supplier invoices in a file folder. She reviewed the file folder daily and prepared cheques when payment was due using pre-numbered cheques. She kept the duplicate copy of each cheque as a record of the payment. [Copies of all supplier invoices and the cheques written during May and June are included with the project documents.]When an invoice was paid, the date of payment and the cheque number were written on the supplier invoice to cross-reference payments and supplier invoices.Their capitalization policy is to expense items (purchases) that cost less than $100.Month-end proceduresOn the last day of the month, Lara looked at every project card at each site and listed the account balance that represents the amount of money collected in advance for projects not yet completed. [A copy of this Prepaid Projects List is included with the project documents].She also estimated the worth of the remaining supplies used to make equipment repairs, and wrote the value of the unused supplies on the bottom of the Prepaid Project List.As soon as she received the bank statement from the bank, [a copy of the May and June statements are included with the project documents], Lara reconciled the statement to the copies of the bank deposits made and cheques written.General Ledger Postings and Financial Statement PreparationLara has learned about basic financial accounting and how to prepare the initial set of financial statements. She dusted off her textbooks while Marco brought old procedure manuals and instructions from his previous employer. When she was finished, she set- up the general ledger accounts she thought would be needed for Small Construction Co. and posted the transactions and adjusting entries for May and June. Lara estimated that the company owed income taxes of $1,300 for the first two months of operations.As Lara prepared Small Constructions trial balance and financial statements, she congratulated herself: all her careful planning and systems design had paid off. She not only had the information she needed to prepare the statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, but she also felt confident that the statements could be relied up when making financial decisions.REQUIRED: Prepare the accounting records for Small Construction Co.Note: this task is based on the analysis of very extensive narrative and detailed project documents. Please check the password protected course website for announcements of any errors, omissions and clarifications to the term project description or project documents.1.Set up the Chart of Accounts2.Prepare the bank reconciliation at June 30th , 20163.Prepare the General Journal for the months of May and June 20164.Post all transactions to the T-accounts5.Prepare a trial balance at June 30, 20166.Prepare the Financial Statements in good form for June 2016 including footnotes for a Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and for contingency disclosures that are exclusive of the transactions of this case (do not include general notes). The financial statements must include all transactions made in May and June as if they occurred in one accounting period.7.Special instructions:Each General Journal entry should have an explanation under.Every place where the word Marco or Lara appears in items 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the required substitute your own first name.8.Based on all the information provided in this project, prepare a memo to Marco and Lara where you as a professional accountant evaluate their business. Specifically address their concerns:a)How much can be paid in dividends to both partners by June 30th?b)How much dividends they expect to collect per year if $0.47 per share per month (during 12 months) is what Marco and Lara set as target?c)What is the target net income to achieve item b) if only working the 5 summer months per year?d)With the data of the financial statements that you have completed, did Marco and Lara achieved their target as set in tem c)?e)Make two clear suggestions of how the business can be improved so they can achieve and surpass their target.