Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies

PART 1:
Connect what you learned in Lord of the Flies with one or more of the following videos (1-a, b, c) about famous research:
(1-a) Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Study and the power of the situation and role-taking (from a previous unit);
(1-b) Solmon Asch’s research from the 1950s and its replication in the 1990s;
(1-c) Stanley Milgram’s obedience research and the two demonstrations entitled Teaching and Learning #1 and #2.

PART 2:
Explain how and why particular scenes from the story illustrate changes in group dynamics AND explain how and why certain strategies were used to develop group norms, group boundaries, and group bonding. To achieve depth in your analysis, include all of the following terms and concepts in preparing your discussion answers:
€¢the role of symbols and rituals for increasing group bonding and group boundaries
€¢body adornment used to show group boundaries
€¢in-groups and out-groups (We versus. Them)
€¢fear of an outside enemy (real or imagined) as a stategy to increase bonding AND Georg Simmel’s research on how an outside enemy can be used to bond/unify people together for the common cause of working against that out-group (THIS IS EXPLAINED IN MY LECTURE Lord of the Flies)
€¢fear as a way to paralyze (learned previously in George Gerbner’s video TV:The Electronic Storyteller
€¢Georg Simmel’s research on dyads and triads
€¢leadership styles (three styles: democratic, authoritarian, and laissez faire) and two types of leaders (socioemotional/epressive and task/instrumental)
€¢negative sanctions as a means of control
€¢groupthink
€¢diffusion of responsibility
€¢deindividuation (meaning loss of self as a unique individual who is responsible for one’s own actions; may occur when one is anonymous or hidden in a crowd)
€¢conformity and peer-pressure
€¢unquestioning obedience to an authority figure (as in Milgram’s Obedience Study)
PART 3:
Describe and discuss one historical or recent example from real-life that illustrates one or more of the following processes related to group decision-making or to Zimbardo’s or Milgram’s research: groupthink, group polarization, deindividuation within groups, unquestioning obedience to an authority figure, or the power of the situation and role-taking. (For instance, have there been any recent real-life cases that illustrate ideas similar to those found in Zimbardo’s prison study or Milgram’s obedience studies, or Asch’s conformity study? Have any leaders in real-life fallen into poor decision-making such as that which occrs in groupthink, group polarization, or deindividuation within groups? Have there been any cases recently involving prison guards or police brutality, or obedience to leaders, or recent incidents involving soldiers in Iraq? Have there been recent criticisms of any powerful leaders that demonstrate any of these poor decision-making processes?)

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