homework question 58

homework question 58

Answer each of the following questions in your initial response:

1. Provide an example of a law enforcement agency in the United States that has implemented effective operational security (OPSEC) procedures since 9/11?

2. What were the OPSEC procedures?

3. Describe what problems you envision the lack of an effective OPSEC program could hold for a local, county, state, tribal, or federal law enforcement agency.

Objective:

Instructions: You must utilize APA 6th edition format in your response. Additionally you need to include at least one (1) referenced source. All forum responses need to be 500 words and include two (2) substantive feedback posts to your peers of 250 words.

Student Responses

Student #1 Steven

Good Morning class,

This week, we are tasked with providing an example of a law enforcement agency in the United States that has implemented effective operational security (OPSEC) procedures since 9/11.

Due to the attacks of 9/11 in New York City, NYPD increased work shifts to 12 hours to increase the police presence on the streets (Bornstein, 2005, p. 52). Though this was a good idea in theory for police presence to aid in reducing crime and possibly preventing any further terrorist attacks, it has become a safety issue with police officers health concerns. Officers knew that 12 hour days would actually constitute to 14 to 16 hour work days (Bornstein, 2005, p. 52). In a 24 hour day, 16 hours of work means that these officers would have only 8 hours remaining to eat, sleep, and spend personal and family time. A more expanded police presence patrolling the streets was welcomed by some citizens of the U.S. as a greater means of security, while others feared greater policing is political opportunism and tyranny (Bornstein, 2005, p. 53).

2. What were the OPSEC procedures?

The 9/11 attacks has impacted the OPSEC world for NYC citizens in the form of an increase of racial and ethnic discrimination due to policing. Among the increase in workloads for the NYC police force, anti-terrorism measures included a campaign that saw anti-terrorism telephone hotline ad campaign on busses and subways, building a high-tech counter terrorism center, and a jump in investigators from 20 to 120 (Bornstein, 2005, p. 54). The NYPD also conducted a language survey that proved that there were 27 members of the force that was proficient in the Arabic tongue. Youi can only imagine the issues this caused with those community members who were Muslim. It was reported that only 2 months after the 9/11 attacks, the Arab American Anti-Discrimination Committee reported over 700 violent incidents involving Arab/Muslim Americans (Bornstein, 2005, p. 55). Other procedures seen to increase OPSEC were increased surveillance and immigrant targeting.

3. Describe what problems you envision the lack of an effective OPSEC program could hold for a local, county, state, tribal, or federal law enforcement agency.

Depending on problems that may or may not have previously existed in local, county and tribal areas, I envision that there will not be much of a difference in the quality of life. Now for some states and the even on the federal law enforcement level, not having an effective OPSEC program could see the possibility of more Boston Marathon bombing incidents, Commercial Plane hijacks, and the possibility of an increase in illegal immigration from Middle East territories. Also due to a very strong and effective OPSEC program, the results of aggression toward law enforcement could be just as brutal. The notion that OPSEC programs could target specific groups could cause an uproar among the group toward law enforcement. So it may seem evident that with a strong OPSEC program or a not-so-strong OPSEC program, there could be a host of problems that can occur. The best things that can be done to avoid certain problems is to remain vigilant and remove discrimination from the job.

References

Bornstein, A. (2005). Antiterrorist Policing in New York City after 9/11: Comparing Perspectives on a Complex Process. Human Organization, 64(1), pp. 52-61. doi:10.17730/humo.64.1.mf00296tl98bk2l5

Student #2 John

1. Provide an example of a law enforcement agency in the United States that has implemented effective operational security (OPSEC) procedures since 9/11?

Since the September 11th attacks the enemy has used more and more sophisticated methods of striking at the homeland. Wars are not only fought in city’s and with guns anymore. Think about all the valuable information we put online now. Our entire country’s infrastructure is run by remote access online. Law enforcement departments around the country now utilize cyber security protocols to protect valuable information. Congress also created the Department of Homeland Security, which has wide-ranging responsibilities for border protection, immigration, supporting local response to terrorist attacks, and protecting critical infrastructure. (Protecting What Matters : Technology, Security, and Liberty since 9/11). The department of homeland security holds the responsibility of tracking Opsec violations regarding hacking. While collecting information is seen as an offensive capability, being able to defend the information is a key defensive tactic. Most of the recent trends in fighting crimes, at all levels, has at least something to do with cyber security. Even if its just the information being stored to prosecute the criminals.

2. What were the OPSEC procedures?

Most of the opsec procedures are classified right now. However, having formally worked in intelligence I know that the level of knowledge is vast. We are able to identify bad actors and either identify them or shut them down. In most cases there is a trail of information left behind from the attackers. The post September 11th world has seen Department of Homeland and several other key agencies also reach out to private sector partners for help. Congress and the administration have urged owners of critical private sector cyberinfra structure to report suspicious activities, with few outcries from the public. (Protecting What Matters : Technology, Security, and Liberty since 9/11).

3. Describe what problems you envision the lack of an effective OPSEC program could hold for a local, county, state, tribal, or federal law enforcement agency.

The problem with not having an effective OPSEC program, is ultimately the information gathered or stored will fall into the wrong hands. This is true whether we are talking about international terrorist organizations are street level common criminals. Think about if a local police department is planning a drug raid on a known dealers location. Without good OPSEC that information might get back to that individual. Now all the hard work of the investigation, the chance to get illegal drugs of the street and the lives of officers and informants are in danger. I always tend to think of it like playing poker, you never want to show your cards until you have to. Just having one chink in the amour could impact the department’s ability to ever regain the confidence of the community.

Works cited:

Protecting What Matters : Technology, Security, and Liberty since 9/11, edited by Clayton Northouse, Brookings Institution Press, 2006. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/apus/detail.action?docID=3004453.