Ethical problems of Deepfakes

 Recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have made possible the creation of “deepfakes”, audiovisual content that shows a particular person saying and doing things, which they did not. Clearly, such technology can, and has been used for criminal activities – see the first attachment (“Fraudsters used AI…”). The second attachment argues, though, that making deepfakes is unethical, whether or not they are used to commit a criminal act (“The deepfake artists must be stopped…”). Is it unethical to construct a deepfake of a person without their permission, even when it is not used to commit a crime? Why or why not? In answering the questions, please apply the method of philosophical analysis. This means doing the following. (i) Pick an answer to the questions. You cannot complete the assignment without providing clear answers to the questions. (ii) Justify your answer with arguments. These arguments should apply the ethical theories we have discussed in this course. (iii) Consider arguments which lead to conclusions other than the ones you reach Explain why you think these arguments do not work. Here are the ethical theories: Utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, Positive/Negative rights, Justice,