discussions 229

Assignment 1:

The directions for the homework include some really important information and perspective. In particular, here is an important passage for you to reflect on now that you have taken the first midterm exam:

“As you will see, the midterm questions are similar to these homework questions. For this reason, it would be very beneficial for you to improve your ability to answer these questions correctly, and in a timely manner. To do this, you should pay close attention to the questions that you get wrong, and try to understand why you got it wrong and what you can change going forward to get similar questions correct. Here is some advice about how to do that:

There are basically 2 types of questions. Some questions just require that you know a definition, while others require you to apply a theory we learned to a new situation and answer a question about it. When you miss a question, you should first note which type of question it is. If you miss a definition question, you need to spend more time memorizing the terms –that is a comparatively easy fix. If you miss the theory application questions, then you should try to figure out what approach you could have taken to get it right –a taller task. For these theory questions, I recommend first thinking about what part of the class covered this type of material… what did we talk about that could be applied to this situation? Once you have an idea about what type of theory you should apply, try to fit the specific facts of the question into the theory we learned to answer the question. You will see that knowing the definitions is a requirement to getting the theory questions right.”

Please reflect on what you did for this class prior to taking the midterm, and answer these questions:

  • A) Have you given your best effort to master the material?
  • B) If not, what are you going to change to step it up for the next exam? If you did give it your best effort, do you need to make any adjustments to the activities in which you applied your efforts?

Now please watchthis TED Talk by Angela Duckworth, (Links to an external site.)and answer these questions:

  • C) What did you think of what Ms. Duckworth had to say?
  • D) Do you believe that your brain can actually change shape and respond as you apply effort and try to learn? It is true, and it means that almost any academic setbacks you experience are just temporary, and that you can overcome your challenges with grit.

After responding to these 4 questions, please comments on the response of at least 1 classmate.

Assignment 2:

Please read the following prompt and post your response:

Unemployment can be a major social problem. In early 2019 the unemployment rate in Bosnia was 34%.

By comparison, in 1933, the worst year of the great depression, the unemployment rate in the United States was 24.75%.

Unemployment increases when the amount of work that needs to be done in an economy decreases. Businesses notice this first when they get fewer orders for goods and services. When firms have less work to do, they need fewer workers, and they typically layoff some of their employees. However, firing workers is not the only option; a firm could just trim everyone’s hours instead.

For example, imagine a firm needs 20% fewer labor hours because a recession has decreased the demand for their product. The firm could achieve this 20% reduction by laying off 20% of its workforce, or it could achieve this by keeping everyone employed, but reducing everyone’s hours by 20%.

From the business owners’ perspective, one point in favor of the “terminating jobs” approach is that, although recessions are bad for business, when businesses trim their work force, typically the least productive workers get laid off first, and often firms emerge from recessions stronger for having shed workers who shirk their duties. Even today, following the recession of 2008, unemployment remains high but much of Corporate America is as profitable as ever.

From the employees’ perspective, there are some tradeoffs here. If the employer lays off 20% of the workers, those who remain may feel insecure about the stability of their job, although they maintain their full pay. On the other hand, if the employer doesn’t lay anyone off, and instead cuts everyone’s hours by 20%, all employees remain employed, but earn less money.

  1. Which type of firm would you rather work for?One who lays people off, or one that cuts everyone’s hours?Why?Think about the tradeoffs involved.Please use marginal analysis (ref. chapter 1) in your reasoning, and back up any claims you make with some documentation.
  2. If a law was passed that required all firms to cut hours instead of lay people off, so that everybody was guaranteed a job and only hours worked fluctuated (instead of experiencing joblessness), what do you think the economic consequences would be? Specifically:;
    1. Do you have any thoughts on how (and why) this might affect the duration and severity of recessions? This is a topic we’ll cover in coming chapters.
    2. What do you think the long-term implications on the health of the economy would be? Think about what effect this policy would have on workers’ effort level, and therefore productivity over time.
    3. Finally, would this sort of policy cause any other social problems or issues?

Please use economic reasoning in your response, and include a link to a website or article that passes the CRAAP Test (Links to an external site.) as evidence to support your position. After you respond to the initial prompt, please respond to the post of at least one classmate, and try to convince the individual (and the class) that your position is reasonable.