Diaper candidiasis or diaper rash

Find below her post. *****Clotrimazole and Diaper Rash****** Diaper candidiasis or diaper rash as it is famously known is a fungal (yeast) infections that usually affect babies who dressed in diapers. Treating this yeast infection has been proven to be successful with clotrimazole. Clotrimazole belongs to the anti-microbial class of antifungals. This drug achieves its therapeutic roles through inhibition of the process of the fungal cell membrane. Clotrimazole inhibits the synthesis of the ergosterol component of the fungal cell membrane to exerts its therapeutic effects. It interferes with the cytochrome p-450 enzyme necessary to catalyze the synthetic process (Akins & Sobel, 2017). Clotrimazole inhibits fungal metabolism and transformation of fungi into mycelial forms that are the infective forms of yeast. Through these actions, this drug can eliminate fungal organisms through fungicidal effects. As a result, clotrimazole is the preferred drug of choice for all forms of fungal infections (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). Other therapeutic actions of this drug include inhibition of purine uptake by the fungal cells and also defective biosynthesis of lipids. Clotrimazole also treats diarrhea through inhibition of chloride receptors in the gastrointestinal tract. (Akins & Sobel, 2017) Health Education Plan. Diaper rash is caused by a yeast infection that gets in to contact with the baby through unhygienic conditions surrounding the process of changing the diapers. Hence this condition is highly preventable. For the above client, the mother has to learn how to manage diaper rash at home. The goal of this health education is to treat yeast infection and to reduce exposure to further yeast infection (Sharifi-Heris et al., 2018). The mother should be encouraged to keep the area around the diaper region as dry as possible through drying the place with a towel before putting the baby’s diaper on. Also, the diaper that the baby is putting their own should be dry. Doing this is essential to prevent yeast from colonizing the parts of the diaper and the baby (Sharifi-Heris et al., 2018). Mothers should keep their babies free from diapers regularly to promote dryness of the perineal area, which usually harbors fungi causing diaper rash. Allowing the baby to stay open without any diaper on should be done in a clean environment that is free from other organisms that can introduce infections to the baby. Maintenance of hygiene is another aspect that the mother needs to know about diaper care. Promoting Infection prevention by teaching the mother to have dry hands and materials while changing the baby’s diaper is necessary. Irritant solutions such as soaps should be used to clean the baby. (Klunk, Domingues & Wiss, 2014). She should instead use a clean towel to wipe the baby when changing the baby. If necessary, the mother should use antifungal gel to protect the baby’s skin against any form of fungal infections. The mother should also learn the signs and symptoms that warrant the baby to visit a clinician. They include infected rash, fussy child, and seek-looking behaviors. Reference Akins, R. A., & Sobel, J. D. (2017). Antifungal Targets, Mechanisms of Action, and Resistance. Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance, 1, 429. Arcangelo, V. P., Peterson, A. M., Wilbur, V., & Reinhold, J. A. (Eds.). (2017). Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A practical approach (4th ed.). Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Klunk, C., Domingues, E., & Wiss, K. (2014). An update on diaper dermatitis. Clinics in dermatology, 32(4), 477-487. Sharifi-Heris, Z., Amiri Farahani, L., & Hasanpoor-Azghadi, S. B. (2018). A Review Study of Diaper Rash Dermatitis Treatments. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care, 4(1), 1-12.