Describe how key historical events define an era.

Description Learn: Reading and Research The middle of the 20th Century was a unique time in history. The economic system of capitalism was viewed as a success with the United States experiencing a budget surplus and sense of optimism. At the same time, the economic system of communism was gaining a foothold on the other side of the world and inspired a sense of fear throughout the land. This fear was balanced by the sense of hope and optimism that the Kennedy administration inspired. In 1962, John F. Kennedy, Jr. asked the United States to do what may have been seen as impossible at the time: put a man on the moon by the end of the decade! The reading provides a framework for the ideological differences that underpinned the “space race” of the 1960s between the United States and the USSR. It describes the differing ideologies of the two nations as well as a bit of the history that provided the context for the race to be the first nation to put a man on the moon. Harrison — Chapters 3 and 8. President Kennedy Speech Pursell — Chapters 4 and 12 Competency Assessment