Compare and contrast two research methods and identify types of situations in which one would be more appropriate than the other.
While responding to at least two of your peers, compare your response to theirs and identify additional situations where those research methods would be appropriate to use.
To complete this assignment, review the Discussion Rubric document.
Module One focused on the anatomy of a good decision maker and the methods used to become a more effective decision maker. These methods will be explored further in Module Two. This module will also help you understand the process of using research to assist you in determining the best possible solution for a given problem, as well as how data is collected within the criminal justice system. Research methods that are used to analyze that data will also be explored.
Criminal justice professionals will utilize a variety of different research methods. Some of these methods are listed below.
- Experimental research is a type of study that is conducted within the criminal justice system to evaluate a new policy or procedure that has been implemented. This type of research method measures the efficacy of the decision that was made.
- Surveys and questionnaires may be a bit more versatile. Criminal justice professionals use this type of research method to gather data from the external environment (i.e., the surrounding community).
- Crime mapping is a research method used to analyze and interpret crime data. This research method correlates aspects of crimes such as location, patterns, and the specific types of crimes being committed.
- Systematic literature review collects and analyzes multiple existing research studies or papers.
Utilizing these research methods create a greater opportunity for making an effective decision.