1.Currently, David Abbot Industries can sell 15-year, $1,000-par-value bonds paying annual interest at a 12% coupon rate. As a result…

1.Currently, David Abbot Industries can sell 15-year, $1,000-par-value bonds paying annual interest at a 12% coupon rate. As a result of current interest rates, the bonds can be sold for $1,034 each; Floatation costs of $30 per bond will be incurred in this process. The firm is in the 40% tax bracket.
A. Find the net proceeds from sale of the bond, Nd?
B. Show the cash Flows from the firm’s point of view over the maturity of the bond
C. Calculate the before-tax and after-tax costs of debt.
D. Use the approximation formula to estimate the before-tax and after-tax costs of debt.